General Information about LisbonCity of Lisbon

Sprawling along the right bank of the Tagus estuary, Lisbon stands looking proudly towards the Atlantic Ocean and was the muse that inspired the great maritime discoveries. Likely founded by Phoenicians, the city was built during a millennium of colourful history waiting to be discovered by visitors. Lisbon witnessed Muslim domination, a Christian conquest, a golden age of discoveries, destruction by an earthquake and followed by an enlightened reconstruction process and on going renewal.
Lisbon is a patchwork of distinct and colourful quarters, like Baixa, Chiado, Alfama, Bairro Alto: accept the challenge of discovering Lisbon on foot or taking the famousold yellow tram!
To be found close by, are a series of excellent golf courses, the romantic town of Sintra, a paradise that has been magnificently set in the most beautiful landscape and has rightly been classified as world heritage. There is no better way to see the exuberant trees and vegetation than to take a horse-drawn carriage ride and pass by ancient mansions before reaching the Palácio da Pena at the top of the hill.
Other places of interest are the cosmopolitan seaside resort of Cascais, the Arrábida hills and their nature reserve, Sesimbra and the medieval walled village of Óbidos.
Lisbon is easily accessible by air and train from all major European cities, and there are interesting low-budget connections
from several of them. The international airport is only 20 minutes from downtown.
Climate and Clothing
Summer (June to September) is Lisbon’s driest and hottest season with average daytime temperatures peaking at 28°C in August.
For international calls to Lisbon, dial the international code +351 and the correspondent’s number (without the 0).
Credit cards / Cash machines
All major credit cards are accepted widely, but not everywhere. If in doubt, ask in advance. Cash-on-card services are available from selected American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and VisaCard addresses. These cards are also accepted by all GWK currency exchange outlets and Change Express Offices.
The local currency is the Euro (€).
Please consult the Portuguese Customs Regulations:
The electrical supply in Portugal is 220-230 Volts and the socket are EU-standard. If travelling from countries outside of EU please check if you need an adapter and/or transformer.
Emergency numbers
For all emergencies: 112
Portuguese is the national language of Portugal.
Official language of the Congress
The official congress language is English.
Lisbon is considered a very safe city but you should take normal, sensible precautions to avoid mugging, bag snatching and pick pocketing.You should be extra vigilant at airports and railway stations.Do not leave valuables unattended.
Most shops and all major taxi companies accept credit and debit cards, so there is no need to carry a lot of cash.
Most street shops in Lisbon open from 9h-10h, and often close at around 19h. Some offices and smaller businesses close for lunch, usually between 13h-15h. The shopping malls open their doors at 10h and only close at midnight. Their large supermarkets however, close Sunday afternoons at 13h. On Saturdays, small shops generally open between 9h-13h, and are closed on Sundays.
Most restaurants open between 19h-20h, and stay open until past 23h or midnight. Lunch times vary, with some opening at around 11h or 12h and serving until about 14h30-15h. All close for one day during the week, often on Sunday or Monday. Cafés are usually open from 7h in the morning onwards.
Travel Insurance
A travel insurance policy to cover theft, loss and medical problems is recommended. The Organising Secretariat as well as ESPEN will not be held liable for illness, accidents or thefts suffered by Participants or Accompanying Persons during the Congress or their stay in Lisbon before, during or after the Congress. Participants are strongly recommended to seek insurance coverage for health and accident, lost luggage and trip cancellation.
Value added tax (Imposto sobre o Valor Acrescentado - IVA) is paid at the time of purchase of a product or service. It is paid by everyone and there is no distinction between residents and non-residents. There are three levels of VAT for mainland Portugal, Madeira and Azores.
More information can be found on
Portugal is part of the European Union. Many visitors can enter the EU countries without a visa.A valid ID card or a passport is all you need to enter Lisbon. Check with the Portuguese Embassy or Consulate in your own country whether you need a visa. They also have the necessary forms you have to complete.